Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

When there is a problem of low motility, low sperm count, abnormally shaped sperm, or unexplained infertility.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a laboratory procedure during which a single sperm is injected directly into each egg. ICSI is most recommended when there is a problem with the sperm, including low motility, low sperm concentration, a very low percentage of normal-shaped sperm, or unexplained infertility. Previous poor fertilization after IVF or low egg number may also prompt the use of ICSI.

The roles both partners take in the ICSI process are the same as with a basic IVF procedure. The female takes ovarian stimulation medications to produce multiple eggs, and the eggs are then retrieved. The male partner will provide a semen sample from which the healthiest-looking sperm is isolated for ICSI. If no semen sample is available, a sperm retrieval procedure can be performed around the time of egg retrieval. Once the eggs and sperm are collected, the embryologist will inject one sperm into the center of each egg. Several days after fertilization, the healthiest embryo is transferred into the female’s uterine cavity, while extra embryos can be frozen for future frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles. A blood test is performed approximately two weeks later to determine if the patient is pregnant.

“Dr. Cox is by far the best doctor I have ever had! She was with us while she was on active duty, caring for military families. Not only did she stick by me and my husband through all the years of my fertility journey, but she also delivered my handsome little boy!"